We established a not for profit corporation, the International Academy for Case Studies, in 1994. The organization held a conference in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina , in October of 1994. To our great surprise, 60 people came and the organization made enough money from the registration fees to pay for a journal. We launched the Journal of the International Academy for Case Studies, which has become a leader in publishing classroom teaching cases in business.
在1995年,我们建立了去年ther not for profit corporation, the Academy of Entrepreneurship . That year, the IACS held its meeting in October in Nassau , the Bahamas , and the AEJ held its meeting in the same hotel, the prior week. Both meetings were successful, and the JIACS was published for a second year. In addition, AE launched the Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal and the Entrepreneurial Executive.
Also in 1996, it became clear that other areas of business research needed support from the kinds of organizations that we had established. An old friend, Phillip Little, Western Carolina University , launched the Academy of Accounting and Financial Studies and became the founding editor of its journal. We started the Academy of Managerial Communications (which has since changed its name) and launched a journal with it, later recruiting a new friend, Mary Ann Brandenburg, Indiana University of Pennsylvania , to take over leadership of that organization and journal.
我们开始在认真的1997年,与生长y of Information and Management Sciences joined us together with its journal. The April meeting in 1997 was in Las Vegas . In 1998, the Academy for Studies in Business Law (which has since changed its name to the Academy for Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues) came aboard and launched its journal. Also, in 1998, the Academy of Entrepreneurship launched a new journal, the Journal of Entrepreneurship Education.
Another thing happened in 1998; we went paperless. The volume of manuscripts had reached a critical level and our older son, Trey Carland, agreed to help us make the shift into this brave new world. It went very well and allowed us to greatly expand our capacity.
In 1999, the Allied Academies added an Internet Conference in the summer to see if that could develop into a viable outlet for the increasing number of members of its affiliates. It was so successful, that it has become a mainstay and is held each summer in addition to the two physical conferences. We also added an internet division to each of the physical conferences. These cyber space opportunities support the participation of people who do not have the travel support to allow them to physically attend the meetings.
Our objective from the beginning has been to support journals because that is the most powerful support available to teaching faculty. As each affiliate launches a journal, we encourage them to establish an editorial policy of accepting 25% of the manuscripts. That gives them a large enough acceptance rate to be attractive to researchers, but a small enough rate to establish a reputation of quality. We require each affiliate to ensure that its journals are double blind refereed and meet all criterion for professional and faculty development. Allied supports the process of listing all of the journals of our affiliates in Cabells Directory. We pioneered the addition of the affiliates journals to all of the major indexing systems (i.e. ProQuest, EBSCO, and Gayle). One of our most valuable support activities is the submission of every article appearing in every journal to Google Scholar. To allow these articles to appear in Google Scholar, Google requires individual pdf files to be uploaded to a web site which is accessible by its search engines.
The Allied website is the central submission hub for all of our affiliates journals. Each manuscript submitted in this fashion enters a central tracking system, and the Executive Director becomes the primary source of communication among the authors, the editors, and the members of the editorial review board. This results in a more responsive communication and a smoother process and allows a professor in a teaching school, who would ordinarily not be able to take on the responsibilities, to become an Editor.
We ask our affiliates to emphasize to their editorial board members that their greatest service to their members is to play a supportive role, rather than a critical role. It is a difference of philosophy which is quite profound. We all know that most referees tell us what is wrong with a manuscript. The referees who have been recruited by our affiliates tell us what must be done to improve a manuscript. The result is a much more supportive environment and one which has a much greater potential to lead to the production of a published article.
Even with that philosophical change, the actual publication percentage in our affiliates journals remains somewhat less than 25%. Revisions are common, and multiple revisions do occur. That is because the traditional journal review process is slow and cumbersome. Because the members of the various editorial review boards are practicing teachers and researchers, getting feedback on a manuscript is time consuming. Even with the watchful oversight of a professional executive director, it is difficult to bring the time under three months. Add the likelihood of a revision or two, and even a short publication queue, and a successful article requires a minimum of a year to appear in print. This is a constant source of frustration for us and for everyone in the field.
We decided to tackle the issue directly. The lag time is driven by busy referees who are gracious enough to volunteer their time and their knowledge to help their peers. We really cant give them more time, but what we can do is compress their service. We discovered that there are a number of referees who are willing to volunteer their time in a short, compressed mode, rather than deal with a manuscript arriving for review every couple of months. That discovery allowed us to pioneer Accelerated Review: a process which can reduce the review time to one month.
Accelerated Review is growing rapidly in popularity and Allied has made it a priority to support this expansion. The author of a manuscript which has been accepted for presentation at a Conference can ask for that manuscript to undergo accelerated review. We recruit a team of volunteers from the various editorial review boards to serve for a period of one month in advance of each of our three conferences. We ask these people to look at a limited number of manuscripts and to facilitate their work, we ask them only to provide minimal feedback. This requirement allows a volunteer to look at 10 manuscripts in one week and provide feedback which supports an editorial decision on that manuscript. Editors must only look for manuscripts which have substantial agreement from the panel. Noting that the desired acceptance rate is 25%, finding that proportion of manuscripts which qualify can be done in an accelerated fashion and the authors of the manuscripts selected for publication can be notified at the conference.
We are extremely pleased to announce that our most recent affiliate to date, the Academy for Business Studies, established in 2008, launched a journal which fully embraces qualitative research. The Business Studies Journal will provide the members of all of our affiliates with an a complete package of publication outlet opportunities. Our family of 14 affiliates, sponsoring 17 journals, supports us in extending publication opportunities to every faculty member in every school or college of business, regardless of discipline, training, or research preference.
We found that many international scholars experienced difficulty in obtaining access to American journals, partly because they tend to be more qualitative in their research. As we mentioned above, we have been active over the years in encouraging affiliates to launch journals which had more open door policies. That makes our group of affiliates a natural outlet for international scholars. Allied has been successful in communicating that openness to the international field. Consequently, we have been attracting conference participants from all across the USA and the globe. In recent conferences our affiliates have featured authors from Australia, Canada, China, France, Finland, Germany, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Kuwait, Malaysia, Nigeria, the Philippines, the Republic of Korea, South Africa, Sweden, Taiwan, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and many other countries in between.
One of the primary reasons for our foray into Internet conferences and Internet divisions was to allow more international people to communicate their work through our affiliates and their journals without incurring the tremendous travel expense normally associated with American conferences. However, there are a surprising number of people who are willing to fly great distances to present at our conferences.
The overwhelming majority of the members of our affiliates and the participants at our conferences are teaching faculty members from small colleges and universities. Hailing from such an institution ourselves, we learned how difficult it can be for people who do not enjoy release time and deep research assistance to penetrate traditional organizations and traditional journals. We are extremely pleased that so many people from small schools have found a home in one or another of the affiliates of the Allied Academies. The referees of the various journals sponsored by our affiliates are predominately from small schools, as well, and that ensures that they understand the challenges of research in such a setting. Those of us laboring in teaching schools recognize that a great deal of valuable work and important knowledge can enter the literature from researchers in small schools. Our affiliates understand that, as well.
We have had a number of people tell us stories about successful tenure, promotion and reappointment processes. Without fail, they note the importance of a publication in one or another of the family of journals sponsored by our affiliates. In recent years, we have been hearing stories from new professors recently completing their doctorates who have published papers from their dissertations in one or another of our affiliates journals. They found early on the shared difficulty that we all face in penetrating journals dominated by professors from research schools who have doctoral research assistance, release time, and almost unlimited research support. We fully expect both situations to continue and to grow because the organizations that we have embraced share with us the posture of recognizing the value of contributions from researchers in small schools.
Our new Internet conference focus will help us make greater inroads into the small school market. Many such programs have limited travel budgets. Our Internet conference will provide the same kind of access to conference presentations and to journal consideration as our physical conferences, while minimizing the costs.
We intend to expand the functionality of our Internet conferences. In addition to using our current technology, such as chat rooms, message boards, and email, we envision using modern audio and video technology to bring participants from all over the world together in one room. We get so much positive feedback from those who attend our conference sessions, that we would like to provide those who can not attend with the same feel that those who are there enjoy.
We are interested in additional growth to explicitly encompass more disciplines and research areas. We have learned that such growth can only occur when a strong champion arises who will carry the torch and ignite interest. As we find such champions, we intend to give them wide latitude in developing new outreach programs, new academies and new journals.
Finally, we need more people who will help us and our affiliate organizations to grow. We want to attract and recruit more members, champions, and ambassadors for our affiliates. We want to expand our international presence and seek formal affiliates in other nations. Finally, we want to hear from anyone who has an interest in any aspect of the Allied Academies or who has any ideas or suggestions to share.
我们希望这个简短的历史提供了方法rs to questions concerning some of our antecedents. We will try to keep the history updated as we progress and grow. In the meantime, keep in mind our interest in feedback or input from any and all sources. This organization is not based on two people, ten people, or a hundred people. It is based on the interests, minds and abilities of everyone involved.Please e-mail us any thoughts, ideas or suggestions and feel free to contact any of the affiliate presidents or journal editors to volunteer for referee work, or other involvement.将您的欲望送到这些地区，并将它们转发给适当的人。谢谢阅读和您的兴趣。